Embedded Energy is the sum of all the energy required to produce any goods or services, considered as if that energy was incorporated or ’embedded’ in the product itself.

The concept can be useful in determining the effectiveness of energy-producing or energy-saving devices, or the “real” replacement cost of a building, and, because energy-inputs usually entail greenhouse gas emissions, in deciding whether a product contributes to or mitigates global warming.

One fundamental purpose for measuring this quantity is to compare the amount of energy produced or saved by the product in question to the amount of energy consumed in producing it.